In this chapter, Zinn remedies some of these omissions. However, it quickly became apparent that the new American government had the power to limit personal freedoms however it saw fit. Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury, formed a Bank of the United States and levied a series of taxes—including the Whiskey Tax, which hurt small farmers.
The author is trying to establish the state of society at the time of the war. However, the economic structure of early American society, resting on slave labor, prevented almost all positive changes for African Americans. With the end of the Revolutionary War, working-class colonists were able to claim new land in the west; however, Zinn suggests that these colonists were perhaps allowed to claim that land because of the benefits bestowed on elites by a working class population living between elite property and Indian lands.
Thus, slavery continued for almost a century after the war. Few history textbooks talk about the colonists who refused to fight in the Revolutionary War, or who staged mutinies when they realized that the Revolutionary Army was no less tyrannical than the British government.
In Trenton, New Jersey, George Washington ordered the execution of three militia leaders planning a mutiny. The policies being advanced by Congress did not offer many benefits or changes to the status-quo.
Some militia groups, furious with the wealthy colonists who claimed to support the Revolution but did not fight for it, staged mutinies. He notes that most people belonging to the lower classes saw no need for their participation in the war since it was being led by the wealthy.
This made it difficult to get support for the war as among those who enlisted, most were just motivated by the opportunity to change their living standards with ranks and earnings awarded for their participation.
Just like Great Britain in the s and 60s, the early U.
Active Themes Also in the early days of the United States the federal government proved itself to be as aggressive with taxation as Britain had been. Active Themes To this day, the Founding Fathers are often seen as wise men who wanted to maintain a healthy balance of power.
Inunder the John Adams administration, the federal government passed the Sedition Act, which made it a crime to say anything against the government. Zinn concludes the chapter by offering some harsh truths about the Founding Fathers. Slaves fought in the war, usually on the American side.
Retrieved September 25, Active Themes The Constitution was ratified throughout the colonies because it appealed both to the wealthy and to the middle class. On the other hand Indians, blacks and mulattoes who tried to get involved believing it Middle class merchants, farmers, and artisans were essentially nationalistic in their beliefs: Zinn is willing to credit the Revolutionary War with providing some minimal advantages for black Americans; nevertheless, as he makes very clear, the Revolutionary War did nothing to end the fundamental problems with black life in America.
Active Themes Following the ratification of the Constitution, the first Congress of the United States passed the Bill of Rights, a series of amendments to the Constitution that seemed to protect personal freedoms.
Summary Analysis The Founding Fathers won the Revolutionary War in large part because they used rhetoric to convince large numbers of working-class colonists to fight against Britain.
Zinn argues, somewhat cursorily, that the Constitution was, above all, appealing for wealthy and middle-class people, not the working classes. The aftermath of the Revolutionary War established a pattern that would continue throughout American history: On the other hand Indians, blacks and mulattoes who tried to get involved believing it would help them achieve their freedom were turned away especially for the black slaves.
A Kind of Revolution. Most—though not all—elites favored a strong government because they wanted a force to protect their property from potential uprisings. This created a problem for the revolutionary army because the poor whites who owned no slaves urged the black slaves and other communities suffering a similar fate to side with the British who promised them their freedom.
But other historians, such as Charles Beard, have argued that it represented a way for American elites to protect their own economic interests through a strong federal government. This situation was compounded by fact that most of the wealthy and the ruling elites knew each other either through business or family ties and the war was seen as a means to further enrich them.
Infor example, the farmer Daniel Shays, who had fought in the Revolutionary War, mobilized other working-class veterans to protest the new American status quo. The Revolutionary War was also a milestone for black slaves.
Active Themes Throughout the Revolutionary War, there continued to be conflicts between the rich and the poor in the American colonies. Active Themes The Constitution is often called a work of genius.
The men who engineered the revolt were largely members of the colonial ruling class."A New Kind of Revolution" Carl N. Degler In his article "A New Kind of Revolution ", author Carl N.
Degler explains how government institutions had evolved in colonial America beforeand how it was threatened by new English actions and Britain's desire to re-gain control over the colonies.
"A New Kind of Revolution," by Carl Degler brings out that more than one single thing started the colonists' revolution. This can be seen through the many acts put on the colonists, Britain's salutary neglect, and British's shortening patience towards the. Need help with Chapter 5: A Kind of Revolution in Howard Zinn's A People’s History of the United States?
Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. A People’s History of the United States Chapter 5: A Kind of Revolution Summary & Analysis from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes.
The focus of chapter 5 is the American Revolution. In dubbing it, "A Kind of Revolution," Zinn is able to develop the idea that the American Revolution did not fundamentally transform who owned the means of production in the new nation. The new landowners combined the small fields into larger fields and fenced them.
This allowed for more efficient farming methods and therefore increased food production. However, many farmers were thrown off their land, and went to cities looking for work, forming the workforce for the growing industries.
The American Revolution Summary & Analysis. BACK; NEXT ; America Comes of Age. By the lateth century, Americans enjoyed more liberties than most people in the world, and they paid lower taxes than the subjects of any other European state.
But even as they declared their allegiance to the British monarch, they tarred and feathered his royal .Download