Not all towns with Low German merchant communities were members of the league e. Those grave and mounting external pressures set up severe strains within the league and destroyed its unity of purpose. Swedish copper and iron ore were traded westward, and herring caught off the southern tip of Sweden was traded throughout Germany and southward to the Alps.
The strengthening of princely power in Germany forced the detachment of many cities from the league—notably Berlin and other towns of Brandenburgwhich had to withdraw in the 15th century.
In order to be eligible to work at one of the foreign counters a merchant had to be a married man of good reputation and make a commitment to serve there for a full year since the sailings of the convoys were annual.
The peasant would then bring several loads of crops into the city and sell them for profit.
Merchant capital was also used for investments in raw materials and in loans to artisans. Strong in the west, supported by the Danes and even by some eastern Hanseatic towns, the Dutch broke into the Baltic and by the middle of the 16th century were the major carriers of Baltic produce to the west.
The Hanseatic cities had their own legal system and furnished their own protection and provided a mutual aid. In northern Germany, the Baltic, and Scandinavia, the Germans had at first a natural geographic advantage and merchant naval superiority.
Factories and counters On land the base of operations for a merchant was his "factory", which was usually a three storied structure containing on the lowest floor of the retail outlet where buying and selling took place, on the second floor a warehouse, and on the topmost floor offices and living quarters.
The league was not a true political federation, and it was not a true corporation. On the negative side, however, guilds set limits on competition, limited the number of artisans who could be involved in a trade and stifled innovation in the trades.
To that end, member communities from different regions were pooled into three circles Drittel "third [part]": While most of the cities in the Hansa were within the domains of local feudal lords and the citizens of these cities were feudal vassals Luebeck was one of the few "free cities" or more properly, it was an imperial city which owed its allegiance to the emperor alone.
There were only a few peasants who had land of their own in the 15th and 16th Century. At first the Dutch were more successful than the English in that aim. The merchants drew their profits from the sale of raw materials for shipbuilding and agricultural products. In early Hanseatic days the overland route across the base of the peninsula had formed the chief link between the Baltic and North Sea.
Luebeck was in a position to capitalize on a large commodities market in herring, but one thing held Luebeck back. Danzig, a trading partner of Amsterdam, attempted to forestall the decision.
Moreover, in any case the opportunities during the boom times of the 12th and 13th centuries were so great, the openings for all comers so limitless, that there was little pressure for a conscious campaign for monopoly.
Because of this most sailing was done in view of the coastline following the guide in the Book of the Sea. Beyond the city walls in Livoniamost of the peasants belonged to feudal manors governed by landlords of German descent. Other member cities often complained that the merchants from Luebeck were given advantages over their own merchants.
Inthe year of the marriage of Elisabeth of Austria to the Jagiellonian king, the towns of the Prussian Confederation rose up against the dominance of the Teutonic Order and asked Casimir IV, King of Polandfor help.
The Antwerp Kontor closed infollowed by the London Kontor in That form was neither clear-cut nor rigid. Hansa, Hansa Teutonica or Liga Hanseatica was an economic alliance of trading cities and their merchant guilds that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe.
With the same general intent, an increasing effort was also put into the provision of lighthouses, marker buoys, trained pilots, and other aids to safe navigation. The rising Swedish Empire had taken control of much of the Baltic Sea. The Hansa profited from the Nuremberg trade by allowing Nurembergers to settle in Hanseatic towns, which the Franconians exploited by taking over trade with Sweden as well.Germany's Baltic Sea (Ostsee) and its coast once gloried in the wealth of its Hanseatic League towns.
Today its resorts, islands, and marvelous brick architecture make it a Mecca for beach and ocean-loving tourists. certainly the case in northern Germany with the development of the Hanseatic League.
Their ships show evidence of the growth in trade and adaptation for militaristic purposes. Analysis of the ships is important to the understanding of the dynamics of the region in. The Hanseatic League was not so much a league of cities as it was a league of merchant associations within the cities of Northern Germany and the Baltic.
Trade in the middle ages was a dangerous and risky business and the only way for merchants to protect themselves was by travelling together. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! The Hanseatic League (Hansa) The Baltic Region that is known today as Estonia the Baltic trade for Russian goods for at least a century and eliminated the need for ships to sail the dangerous northern route around Scandinavia. The Merchant Hansa. An Analysis of the Hanseatic League of Northern Germany and the Baltic Region PAGES 1.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region, teutonic order. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. hanseatic league, northern germany, baltic region.Download