Thus, this Act separated the legislative body from the executive body and this legislative body became an Anglo-Indian House of Commons. This process was initiated by Cornwallis by introducing the permanent land revenue settlements.
The Great Revolt opened the eyes of the British and made it clear how the Indians hated the British rule for all their evil deeds and an attempt was made by the British to rectify their blunder by the Government of India Act of In order to earn maximum profits from Indian trade and commerce and to develop monopoly of trade and commerce they competed with other European powers.
From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day. They harassed the Egyptian officials who administered the Sudan until The congress split into two factions, a moderate and radical branch. By these changes the Collector obtained total authority over the districts. As already indicated, the earliest influence on the thinking of British administrators and thinkers was their idea of improvement or progress.
For a long time, the civil servants were appointed through the process of patronage and inthe selection through limited competition was introduced and by they selected civil servants through public competition and in the Civil Service Commission was started for the process of selection of civil servants.
British forces under General Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener concocted a plan to rout the Mahdist forces in the Sudan and bring the Sudan under joint Egyptian and British control in response to French aggression in Fashoda. The British may have destroyed most Indian industries, but the British rule also brought in many job opportunities for educated Indians in the government.
Strong resistance arose among the Sudanese, who had grown wealthy and powerful from the slave trade. All these changes created a new value system. The police force was organized into Thanas, headed by a Darogha, who was a native and these daroghas were kept under the supervision of the criminal judges.
The civil service was graded from the beginning as apprentices, writers, factors, junior merchants and then finally senior merchants. It is Wellesley who introduced training for civil servants. On the other hand, the British impacted India negatively, they also benefitted India.
However, this new class was not able to find positions in the government, nor were they able to function within the traditional Sudanese society. In subsequent years, the same was extended to other states and after some time a whole History essay british rule and of laws through the process of enactment of laws and codification of old laws was developed.
But in practice, the judicial system was not at all beneficial to the Indians as it became very costly and lengthy and Indians failed to comprehend the laws.
Further, by Charter Act ofthe Governor General of Bengal became the Governor General of India with control over the presidencies of Bombay and Madras and the British citizens were permitted to own property in India and thereby we come across British landlords and planters of tea, coffee, indigo and cotton and also British capitalists investing surplus capital in Colonial India.
In the Gordon Memorial College was founded, which produced a highly educated Sudanese class. India Council should consist of 15 members and it was to be an advisory body to the secretary of state.
Lord Kitchener became the first governor-general of the Sudan and was followed by his former aide, Sir Reginald Wingate, who served as governor-general from to By the time of Bentinck, the Indian penal code and Indian criminal procedure code were prepared.
In the Anglo-British condominium was established, stating that England and Egypt would jointly administer the Sudan. After his release he formed the White Flag League in with the specific goal of pushing the British out of the Sudan.
The president of the board of control became the minister of India and the board of control was given the power to supervise Indian affairs on behalf of the crown. It is Lord Cornwallis, who started building up of the administrative machinery in India, It is he who separated the judicial functions from the revenue functions and laid foundation for the judicial system.
The Sudanese agitated until the Egyptian revolution in under Gamal Abdel Nasser prompted both the Egyptians and the British to sign an agreement granting the Sudanese self-determination within three years. It is an important change to be noticed by everyone.
From then on tillthe British East India Company through wars, diplomacy and administrative measures made it a policy to obtain more and more of economic benefits by fleecing the Indian farmer, artisan and small and medium traders.
While the British occupied the superior position, the Indians occupied subordinate positions such as Munisiffs, Amins, the Quazis and the Pandits advising the judges in the Hindu and the Muhammadan laws. There was a great demand in India for the abolition of the company rule and assumption of authority by the crown.
The British became more involved both due to fears of French expansionism in the area and after the massacre of British troops under General Charles Gordon in by followers of the Mahdi. The major factor of difference to be noticed is that the British East India Company replaced the old Indian administrative policies and introduced their system of law, justice, education, revenue and intellectual and social theories, in India.
This form of globalization relates to colonization because its intended purpose is to produce as many shoes and clothing as possible in order to succeed in the industrial world, however, they are affecting the lives of people the workers who produce the Nike products in factories and possibly their families as well.
Cambridge University Press, ; Holt, P.How To Write a Good History Essay.
The former editor of History Review Robert Pearce gives his This is the number one rule. You can write brilliantly and argue a case with a wealth of convincing evidence, but if you are not being relevant then you might as well be tinkling a cymbal. The British Church That Worshipped Hitler; About.
Another important economic impact of the British rule in India was the initiation of a large quantity of commercial crops such as tea, indigo, opium, cotton and oilseed (Rothermund, ). All of these crops were brought in with different intentions. One of the greatest empires that ever existed is that of the British Empire.
With colonies all over the world including Africa, India, and even the holy land, all fell under British rule or occupation. British History can include the history of all those colonies that were ruled by and or /5(4).
The advantages and disadvantages of British rule Essay. A+. Pages:1 Words This is just a sample. Schools also taught English and Western ideas and paid little attention to the long history and advanced culture of India.
We will write a custom essay sample on The advantages and disadvantages of British rule specifically for you. for. The British introduced many positive things to India, in particular afterwhen the British Crown took over control of the territories.
Industry and Empire- Final Assessment Was the British rule in India an older form of globalization today, due to how it globalization affects the world beyond its intended purposes?Download