Introductions to the local dignitaries. If what follows the colon is closely related to what precedes it, there is no need for a capital. The author of Touched, Jane Straus, wrote in the first chapter: The example is punctuated correctly. Avoid using a semicolon when a comma is needed: Avoid using a comma when a semicolon is needed: Example — The top priorities are: Others advise against it.
Use a semicolon between two independent clauses that are connected by conjunctive adverbs or transitional phrases. Colons are often used incorrectly, especially to lead into bulleted or numbered lists.
But when you use those same two words together as an adjective, they have a hyphen between them. Cows, though their bovine majesty has been on the wane in recent millenia, are still one of the great species of this planet, domesticated, yet proud, they ruminate silently as we humans pass tumultuously by.
I like cows; however, I hate the way they smell. Remember the old saying: Some writers and editors feel that capitalizing a complete sentence after a colon is always advisable.
Dashes are used for a variety of things, the most common being to replace commas around non-restrictive phrases and clauses and to connect two ideas — or even sentences — together. Example — The importance lies in balancing the four main aspects of life: Both parts of the sentence are independent clausesand commas should not be used to connect independent clauses if there is no coordinating conjunction.
Georgia went back to her bed and stared at the intricate patterns of burned moth wings in the translucent glass of the overhead light. If a quotation contains two or more sentences, many writers and editors introduce it with a colon rather than a comma. The first part of example 2 is a technical statement, but the writer has chosen to connect the personal statement — almost as an afterthought.
COLONS A good rule of thumb to follow on using a colon is that there should always be a complete sentence on one side or the other, and perhaps even both. I might choose not to write out the entire sentence again:The colon is a punctuation mark, visually consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line.
Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. Do not capitalize the first item after the colon (unless it's a proper noun). Use a colon rather than a comma to follow the salutation in a business letter, even when. 2. Use colons to format lists We'll also talk about two frequently asked questions that come up around colons, specifically: 1.
How many spaces to use after a colon 2. How to capitalize after a colon Use Colons After Complete Sentences. The most important thing to remember about colons is that you only use them after statements that are complete sentences. Dear Comma, Semicolon, or Colon.
Kathryn from Hershey, Pennsylvania, wrote asking a question I should have answered a long time ago.
a colon for a business letter, and either punctuation mark in an email. (The colon is formal.) I have heard that using Dear is proper and appropriate when writing to someone in Europe, including in an e. Writing & Punctuation: How to use COLONS & SEMICOLONS Using proper English punctuation shows that you are a sophisticated and intelligent writer.
Also, using punctuation improperly can often change the meaning of your sentence. 20 Responses to “Proper Use of The Colon” Tony on April 07, am “Others disagree, and though I usually follow Chicago, I concur with them: It can be difficult in a passage to know when the definition or expansion ends, and the distinction between a single sentence and two or more seems trivial and inconsistent.”.
Business Writing Proper Punctuation SEMI-COLONS Semi-colons (the comma with the dot above it) are most often used in two main places: lists where the items in the list have commas in them and to join two sentences together.Download