University of Kansas Libraries. Long, in the employ of the Government, with a corps of topographical engineers on his way to the Yellowstone country, passed the site of the present Wyandotte County.
The first treaty of the Delaware was with William Penn in We are the descendants of those Nanticoke and Lenape who remained, or returned, to our ancient homeland after many of our relatives suffered removals and forced migrations to the mid-western United States or into Canada.
The first payment was for citizenship that granted the relocated tribe the right to hold all rights as native Cherokee citizens. Enrollment[ edit ] Tribal membership is limited exclusively to descendants of Delaware people on the tribal rolls from Indian Territory. The The origin and history of the delaware indian tribe of our tribe in its homeland goes back over 10, years.
The accent of the word, Lenape, is on the a. Also, the first and only Indian Reservation in New Jersey, the Brotherton Reservation in Burlington Countywhich was intended to be a safe haven for some of our ancestors. The American Revolution had just begun, and Killbuck found his people caught between the English in the West and the Americans in the East.
As an Indian tribe native to the eastern woodlands, the Delaware had interacted with whites since the s. Following the defeat, the Delaware and others surrendered to the United States and signed the Treaty of Greenville after which they would never again take up arms against the Americans Weslager The following year, by treaty, they disposed of, to the United States, all their claims to the land lying south of the Platte River, and agreed to locate themselves north of that river and west of the Missouri.
It also authorized negotiation with Indian tribes regarding removal. War captains were responsible for declaring war and protecting the people, while only the clan chiefs could declare peace.
On 6 Maythey gave up to the United States the Western Outlet of our land, keeping a tract ten miles wide and 40 miles up the Kansas River. The Delaware had lost their protectors and, in theory, faced attacks from the British, their native allies, and the American settlers who flooded into the area in the late s and early s after the war.
On that date, they gave up their land in Missouri and the Government granted land in Northeastern Kansas, where they lived for several decades. It was difficult during those years to maintain community, but the Tribe persevered.
The earliest movement consisted of both Unami and Munsee speakers who elected to move further west in to a settlement near what is today Cape Girardeau, Missouri, at the invitation of the Spanish after the American Revolution. A third group of predominately Munsee speakers settled with the Senecas along the Allegheny River inwhere they eventually merged with the Seneca by the twentieth century Goddard Other displaced coastal and interior Algonquians such as the Shawnee, Conoy, and Nanticoke often joined the Delaware villages on the frontier Weslager Paper copy 13 May They continued to be unfortunate, and by the ravages of wars and disease rapidly dwindled in numbers.
This distinction was conceded to them by many other tribes, even those of different linguistic stocks. Munsee and Unami descendant groups are thus scattered widely throughout North America, and most are recognized as members of acknowledged Indian Tribes in the United States or as First Nations in Canada.
It was thus made clear to the Delaware by the Delaware Treaty that removal was the only route available to ensure the continuation of the Delaware Tribe.
But large bodies of Sioux came down on their new settlements, and drove them back with great slaughter.
Cognizant of the mounting pressure for removal and the desire to preserve the Delaware Tribe, Delaware clan leaders began exploring and scouting different locations for a new reservation in Indian Territory as stipulated by the treaty.
The situation changed when the Texas Revolution began in Many of their families have lived in Kansas since the early s.
The term "Delaware" is not an Alngonquian word.
Unfortunately, other Native American tribes were moved to accommodate the Delaware. January Learn how and when to remove this template message After the signing of the Treaty of Easton inthe Lenape were forced to move west out of their native lands into what is today known as Ohio, although not everyone went.
The ancestors of the Delaware Nation, following a different migration route, settled in Anadarko. An then, or soon thereafter, the Shawnee Indians, by treaty or otherwise, claimed a large tract of country lying immediately south of the Kansas River.
The Otoes, Omahas and other tribes acknowledged the superiority of the Pawnees, and lived under their protection. The term "Delaware" is not an Algonquian word.
The Moravian Church sent these men to convert the natives to Christianity.Cognizant of the mounting pressure for removal and the desire to preserve the Delaware Tribe, Delaware clan leaders began exploring and scouting different locations for a new reservation in Indian Territory as stipulated by the treaty.
By the 's, many were living along the banks and tributaries of the Delaware River. As a result of this migration, Nanticoke people united with the Lenni-Lenape Indians who remained in New Jersey. It was difficult during those years to maintain community, but the Tribe persevered.
Culture and Language. Frequently Asked Questions About the Lenape or Delaware Tribe Lenape Language Lenape Life Social Dances of the Lenape and Other North-Eastern Indian Tribes Lenape History Lenape Clothing Delaware Humor.
Contact Info. Oklahoma Headquarters Tuxedo Blvd Bartlesville. The Lenape-Delaware Origin in Modern History (From Algonquians of the East Coast, recommended reading for all, with beautiful illustrations) Map showing the migration route of the Delaware and Munsee Indians.
THE DELAWARE INDIANS A BRIEF HISTORY. by Richard C. Adams. Some Native American histories have relegated the Delaware Indians to the status of a minor east coast tribe, yet the Lenni Lenape, as they called themselves, were originally the most powerful Indian Tribe in the East, perhaps in the Americas.
After dealing with the United States on a government-to-government basis, the ancestors of the Delaware Tribe of Indians agreed in to relocation to Oklahoma, to live within the Cherokee Nation.
The Delaware Tribe of Indians operated autonomously within the lands of the Cherokee Nation.Download